Calluses are hard, thickened areas of skin that form as a result of pressure and/or rubbing on the skin. Calluses (and corns) develop naturally to help protect the skin underneath them from the pressure or friction. They can develop anywhere on the body but they generally develop on the hands and feet.
Calluses are common on the tops and sides of the toes and on the balls of the feet and they can be a result of poorly fitting shoes, excessive walking or running, and standing on your feet for prolonged amounts of time.
Below are some simple steps to treat calluses at home:
- Soak the callus in warm (not hot) water and a salt blend such as
EpsoSalt or our Relax Crystals for about 5 to 10 minutes or until the skin softens.
- Scrub the callus with a natural pumice stone. Dip the pumice stone in warm water, and then use the stone to gently scrub the callused area in a circular motion to remove dead skin.
- Moisturize with a hydrating product that is made specifically for feet such as Smooth Feet.
- Use padding to protect calluses from further irritation. Use a cotton ball or moleskin and place it on and around the area where the callus was.
How to prevent calluses from forming:
- Wear shoes that fit properly. A common cause of calluses is a shoe that isn’t the right size and/or the right shape for your foot. You can ask for your feet to be measured when shopping for shoes to ensure that the shoes that you’re buying aren’t too tight or too loose both of which can cause calluses to form. It also helps to shop for shoes at the end of the day when your feet are slightly swollen.
- Keep your toenails trimmed. When our toenails are too long, they can force the toes to push up against your shoe, causing corn or callus to form over time.
- Moisturize. The skin on the bottom of our feet is as thick as a nickel. Additionally, our feet do not have a lot of oil glands to keep the skin moisturized so it’s essential to use a moisturizing product to keep the skin from drying and hardening which can lead to calluses.
- Elevate. If you are on your feet a lot or if you run or walk a lot, elevate your feet for a few minutes before going to bed. This helps take some of the pressure off and also helps circulate fresh blood into your tired feet.
Most calluses go away with these simple steps but keep in mind that it takes some time. Always see your doctor if you aren’t sure what is causing your calluses that won’t go away on their own or with home remedies.